Vietnam has a one-party government, the Communist Party of Vietnam (CPV), but there are elections for certain positions of authority. In addition to the CPV, a national parliament sector and Vietnam’s National Assembly assist in the ruling system.
The three parts are responsible for bringing in the representatives and running a diverse election where citizens can vote for their top choices.
To vote in Vietnam, citizens must be 18 years of age. The country boasts a turnout for voters in elections, as it’s highly encouraged by the government for residents to do so. Many times the head of the household will be the ones who speak for the entire family when turning in their choice of candidate. The CPV chooses most candidates.
National Assembly of Vietnam
The National Assembly of Vietnam is considered the highest position of power in the country. It is made up of 500 unicameral delegates that gather twice a year, and voting for the next National Assembly happens every five years. The assembly chooses the president, chief justice, and prime minister, but the CPV has the final word on who has a government role and activities.
In the villages and provinces, residents elect representatives to form a People’s Council, also for a five-year term each. The number of seats in a council depends on the size of the town or province. Members of the People’s Council are picked to be on the People’s Committee, which is accountable for enforcing laws and policies.
The People’s Court is the judicial portion of the local province’s government. The court holds trials, which the Chief Judge leads.
National Elections in Vietnam typically happen in the month of May. Voter turnout is nearly 100%, and the newest members of the parliament and National Assembly are chosen for a five-year term.
Despite being a one-party state, the citizens of Vietnam do get to voice their opinions on specific leadership positions.